territoriality, and sovereignty in Africa’, CODESRIA Bulletin (): Mbome, F.X. () ‘Les relations entre le Cameroun et le Nigeria: L’affaire Bakassi’. Affaire Bakassi: genèse, évolution et dénouement de l’affaire de la frontière terrestre et maritime Cameroun-Nigeria (). Responsibility: Guy Roger . “Les Relations entre le Cameroon et le Nigeria: 1’affaire Bakassi,” Afrique , no. 25 () The author reviews the long-standing territorial dispute.
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The Nigerian newspaper The Guardian affqire further, declaring that the judgment was “a rape and unforeseen potential international conspiracy against Nigerian territorial integrity and sovereignty” and “part of a Western ploy to foment and perpetuate trouble in Africa”. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The outcome of the controversy was a de facto Nigerian refusal to withdraw its troops from Bakassi and transfer sovereignty.
However, the area has aroused considerable interest from oil companies in the light of the discovery of rich reserves of high grade crude oil in Nigeria. Archived from the original on 13 August Obasanjo agreed to withdraw Nigerian troops within 60 days and to leave the territory completely in Cameroonian control within bakasi next two years.
Retrieved 5 November — via hakassi. Rosenne’s the World Court: A bakassu summit was held on 31 January Nigeria began to withdraw its forces, comprising some 3, baakssi, beginning 1 Augustand a ceremony on 14 August marked the formal handover of the northern part of the peninsula.
Bakassi is a peninsula on the Gulf of Guinea. Secretary-General Kofi Annan stepped in as a mediator and chaired a tripartite summit with the two countries’ presidents on 15 Novemberwhich established a commission to facilitate the peaceful implementation of the ICJ’s judgement. What it is and how it Works. Retrieved 31 March More armed clashes broke out in the early s. Baiassi 22 Novemberthe Nigerian Senate passed a resolution declaring that the withdrawal from the Bakassi Peninsula was illegal.
Retrieved 26 April This page was last edited on 5 Novemberat Annan said, “With today’s agreement on the Bakassi peninsula, a comprehensive resolution of the dispute is within our grasp. It aroused vitriolic comments from Nigerian officials and the Nigerian media alike. Bakassian leaders threatened to seek independence if Nigeria renounced sovereignty.
However, documents released by the Cameroonians, in parity with that of the British and Germans, clearly places Bakassi under Cameroonian Territory as a consequence of colonial era Anglo-German agreements.
Retrieved from ” https: Retrieved 18 January The population of Bakassi is the subject of some dispute, but is generally put at betweenandpeople.
The government took no action, and handed bakassl final parts of Bakassi over to Cameroon on 14 August as planned, but a Federal High Court had stated this should be delayed until all accommodations for resettled Bakassians had been settled; the government did not seem to plan to heed this court order,  and set the necessary mechanisms into motion to override it. The territory subsequently became de facto part of Nigeriabakaasi the border was never permanently delineated.
This enabled the British Empire to exercise control over the entire territory around Calabar, including Bakassi.
Cameroon was thus given a substantial Nigerian population and was required to protect their rights, infrastructure and welfare. The peninsula is commonly described as “oil-rich”, though in fact no commercially viable deposits of oil have been discovered.
Nigeria and Cameroon have disputed the possession of Bakassi for some years, leading to considerable tension between the two countries. Matters arisingNigeriaworld.
The Nigerian government did not, however, openly reject the judgment but instead called for an agreement that would provide “peace with honour, with the interest and welfare of our people.
At least eight multinational oil companies have participated in the exploration of the peninsula and its offshore waters. Nigeria relied largely on Anglo-German correspondence dating from as well as treaties between the colonial powers and the indigenous rulers in the area, particularly the Treaty of Protection.
Most of the population make their living through fishing. Retrieved 5 November The ICJ delivered its judgment on 10 Octoberfinding based principally on the Anglo-German agreements that sovereignty over Bakassi affakre indeed rest with Cameroon. The ICJ judgment was backed up by the United Nationswhose charter potentially allowed sanctions or even the use of force to enforce the court’s ruling.
Bakassi – Wikipedia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In the two countries went to the brink of war over Bakassi and another area around Lake Chadat the other end of the two countries’ common border.
It is governed by Cameroonfollowing the transfer of sovereignty from neighbouring Nigeria as a result of a judgment by the International Court of Justice. The remainder stayed under Nigerian civil authority for two more years.
This has made significant progress, but the process has been complicated by the opposition of Bakassi’s inhabitants to being transferred to Cameroon. It instructed Nigeria to transfer possession of the peninsula, but did not require the inhabitants to move or to change their nationality.
The line was drawn through the Cross River estuary to the west of the peninsula, thereby implying Cameroonian ownership over Bakassi.
The momentum achieved must be sustained. It lies between the Cross River estuary, near the city of Calabar in the west of the Bight of Biafra, and the Rio del Ray estuary on the east. This secession was announced on 9 Julybaiassi the “Democratic Republic of Bakassi”. However, Nigeria never ratified the agreement, while Cameroon regarded it as being in force.