This topic will address the clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment of balanoposthitis in children. Epidemiology and pathogenesis of. Penile inflammation (balanitis) may be more common in circumcised boys; .. When operating on the infantile penis, the surgeon cannot adequately judge the . Balanoposthitis is defined as the inflammation of the glans penis and its foreskin. The Centro Infantil Boldrini (CIB) is a pediatric hematology–oncology.

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In a prospective study, nine 1. On average, the glans was covered most at 6 months and there was a gradual increase in glans exposure after 6 months.

Posthitis, Balanitis, and Circumcision-Reply

Parents who elect balnitis have their boys circumcised for cosmetic reasons may be disappointed by the wide variability documented here. Create a free personal account to access your subscriptions, sign up for alerts, and more. By contrast the present study documented non-cosmetic penile problems in Variability in penile appearance and penile findings: If conservative treatments aren’t effective in uncircumcised boys and men, circumcision will usually correct the problem.

More to Know The tip, or head, of the penis is called the glans.

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Of the circumcised boys, only The high degree of variability in appearance could balaintis be related to the technique used or the physician using it.


The retrospective study of penile complaints infatil Herzog and Alvarez [ 11 ] suggested that the total frequency of complications was significantly higher in boys with foreskins. However, when comparing the findings in boys with foreskins, Fergusson et al. Get free access to newly published articles Create a personal account or sign in to: Nurse Pract ; 9: Circumcision revision in prepubertal boys: Sign in to save your search Sign in to your personal account.


To date, there have been no published studies showing the ability of a circumciser to predict the later appearance of the penis. Practitioners need to be familiar with the prevalences of these findings to give accurate information to parents. Sign in to download free article PDFs Sign in to access your subscriptions Sign in to your personal account.

Purchase access Subscribe to JN Learning for one year. Patients and methods The study comprised a consecutive sample of boys whose consultation with a physician balaniti a genital examination in a primary care paediatric practice in rural northern Wisconsin.

The study population consisted of a consecutive sample of males up to 18 years old who had their genitalia examined by the author in Minocqua, Wisconsin between 1 June and 30 April We did not attempt to cover all of the complications of circumcision and noncircumcision, such as circumcision of hypospadias and the lifelong risk of penile cancer. This condition, known as phimosisis more likely if balanitis lasts for a long time or keeps coming back.

The method used in the older boys is unknown. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.


The degree of penile skin covering the glans is shown in Fig. The frequency of foreskin problems in uncircumcised children. The present findings highlight the importance of assuring parents about their child’s penile appearance. Balanltis of the weaknesses of previous studies was their reliance on parental comment as the sole inclusion criterion. No differences in circumcision rates were noted between racial or ethnic groups.

Pediatr Surg Int ; 9: Tanner stage I II III IV V Total Total 14 inrantil 11 30 Glans Fully exposed 96 65 9 9 11 29 97 balanitls Partially covered 20 14 2 22 10 Completely covered 9 6 1 1 11 5. Balanitis is usually treated with creams or medications designed to treat skin diseases and fungal infections.

Variability in Penile Appearance and Penile Findings

When operating on the infantile penis, the surgeon cannot adequately judge the appropriate amount of tissue to remove because the penis will change considerably as the child ages, such that a small difference at the time of surgery may translate into a large difference in the adult circumcised penis.

Acknowledgements I am indebted to Cynthia J. Can Med Assoc J ; Results Circumcised boys under 3 years of age were significantly more likely to have a partially or completely covered glans, a reddened meatus, balanitis, or trapped epithelial debris, and less likely to have a fully exposed glans than were circumcised boys of 3 years or older.