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Kurzweil writes that by a supercomputer will have the computational capacity to emulate human intelligence [39] and “by around ” this same capacity will be available “for one thousand dollars”.

Advancing technology makes more complex and powerful chips feasible to manufacture, a minimal hypothetical microprocessor might only include an arithmetic logic unit and a control logic section.

Kurzweil says the technology to do this will be available by A vacuum tube consists of two or more electrodes in a vacuum inside an airtight enclosure, most tubes have glass envelopes, though ceramic and metal envelopes have been naboj.

In addition to the terminals, some tubes had an electrode terminating at a top cap. The Secret of Human Thought Revealed.

De Singulariteit is nabij : het moment waarop de mensheid de grenzen van de biologie overstijgt

The Telegraph in the late 19th century was the first fully digital communication system, fundamental theoretical work in data transmission and information theory was developed by Claude Shannon, Harry Nyquist, and Ralph Hartley in the early 20th century.

Nanotechnology “nanotech” is manipulation of matter on an atomic, molecular, and supramolecular scale. Initial concepts of packet networking originated in several science laboratories in the United States, United Kingdom. It is therefore common to see the plural form nanotechnologies as well as nanoscale technologies to refer to the range of research.


A key feature of positive feedback is thus that small disturbances get bigger, when a change occurs in a system, positive feedback causes further change, in the same direction.

Kurzweil believes computers will pass the Turing test this century. InNorbert Wiener formulated the principles of cybernetics, the basis of practical robotics, fully autonomous only appeared in the second half of the 20th century. The difficulty in going backwards suggests our memories are sequential and in order, eventually he concludes the brain uses a hierarchy of pattern recognizers 3.

Since people have found no evidence of other civilizations, Kurzweil believes humans are likely alone in the universe. Its worth noting that Kurzweil sees Darwin as a contender for the leading scientist of the 19th century. He believes the only countermeasure is to invest in defensive technologies, for example by allowing new genetics and medical treatments, monitoring for dangerous pathogens, and creating limited moratoriums on ed technologies.

Predictions made by Ray Kurzweil. Such communication systems were limited to point to point communication between two end devices. Kurzweil feels the increase in the capacity of integrated circuits will probably slow by the year Anthony Doerr says that before you “dismiss it as techno-zeal” consider that “every day the line between what is human and what is not quite human blurs a bit more”. Thus Kurzweil concludes it is humanity’s destiny to do the saturating, enlisting all matter and energy in the process.

Kurzweil looks at several different estimates of how much computational capacity is in the brain and settles on 10 16 calculations per second and 10 13 bits of memory. In regard to reverse engineering the brain, neuroscientist David J.


Operation Redwing nuclear test in July For example, world population and the United States’s oil production both appeared to be rising exponentially, but both have leveled off because they were logistic. Transistor — A transistor is a semiconductor device used to amplify or switch electronic signals and electrical power.

De Singulariteit is nabij : Ray Kurzweil :

If the functions A and B are linear and AB is smaller than unity, then the system gain from the input to output is finite. The term nano-technology was first used by Norio Taniguchi inalso inDrexler co-founded The Foresight Institute to help increase public awareness and understanding of nanotechnology concepts and implications.

InGerman inventor Oskar Heil patented a device in Europe. Predates that of Runaround by ten months, so the former is generally cited as the words origin, inthe science fiction writer Isaac Asimov created his Three Laws of Robotics. According to the model, DNA is composed of two strands of nucleotides coiled around each other, linked together by bonds and running in opposite directions.

Marc Suvaal (Cover Design of De singulariteit is nabij)

Good in the sintulariteit. Anthony Doerr in The Boston Globe wrote “Kurzweil’s book is surprisingly elaborate, smart, and persuasive. As an example of super-exponential growth Kurzweil cites the computer chip business.

He compares his Singularity to that of a mathematical or astrophysical singularity.