Siddiqui 1 Ibn Fadlan and the Land of Darkness: Arab Travellers in the Far North —A Short Essay Ahmed Ibn Fadlan was an Arab traveller from Baghdad, Iraq;. Ibn Fadlan was a 10th-century Arab Muslim traveler, famous for his account of his travels as a . Paul and Caroline Stone (trans.), Ibn Fadlan and the Land of Darkness: Arab Travellers in the Far North (London: Penguin Classics, ). The Political Divisions of Eurasia, PENGUIN CLASSICS IBN FADLAN AND THE LAND OF DARKNESS ibn fadlAn’s account of his journey from Baghdad to.

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With them, there are beautiful slave girls, for sale to the merchants. Disappointingly, Ibn Fadlan says little of this remarkable man.

These are the men who die when he dies and allow themselves to be killed for him. He was skilful and intelligent. On his return to Baghdad inSallam recounted his adventures to Ibn Khurradadhbih, who incorporated the story of his journey in darkhess Book of Roads and Kingdoms. He is the only person with the authority to examine their affairs or judge their quarrels. The punishment for murder If one man kills another deliberately, they execute him, but if he has killed by accident they make a box for the killer out of khadank wood, put him inside with three loaves of bread and a jug of water, and close it with nails.

Later, we went back and kept trying to get into his good graces, flattering him and saying: These lands border a Black Sea shrouded with fog where sun never appears.

He was allowed to depart from Hungary only on condition that he leave his son hostage to his return. Sent as an emissary of the Abbasid caliph Muqtadir, his mission was lznd deliver a message and gifts from the caliph to the recently converted khan, who sought religious instruction for his people and wished to forge an alliance with the Abbasids to darknss himself against his powerful Jewish overlords, the Khazars. For example, Ibn Fadlan details in his encounter that the Volga Bulgar Khan commits an error in his prayer exhortations by repeating the prayer twice.


The embassy set out from Baghdad on 21 June He is now based in Cambridge, concentrating on the maritime history of the Indian Ocean. Ibn Fadlanon the Rus merchants at Itil, Similarly, the women do not hide any part of their body. The old woman called the Angel of Death came and put a cord round her neck in such a way that the two ends went in opposite directions. Two seized her feet and two others her hands.

They couple together like beasts. This people 76 has recognized my authority, and if someone opposes me, I shall meet him with the sword. Compared to this, the days of cold in Khwarazm were like summer days.

One sheep costs half a ddnaq and a lamb costs a tussuj. The locals told me that when winter comes, the nights go back to being the length of the [summer] days and the days become as short as the [summer] 62 nights. Each man has an axea swordand a knifeand keeps each by him at all times. Based on an expedition to the upper Volga River in AD, Ibn Fadla-n and the Land of Darkness provides a rare and valuable glimpse of Viking customs, dress, table manners, religion, and sexual practices, including the only eyewitness account ever written of a Viking ship cremation.

When God, All-high and All-powerful, wants to unleash them on civilized lands, He causes the Barrier to open and the level of the sea to drop and the fish to vanish. The dead man did not smell bad and nothing about him had changed except his colour.

We met Hamawayh Kusa, 16 the commander of the army of Khurasan. Ibn Fadlan was not only placed in an embarrassing and humiliating position, but a very dangerous one: Ibn Fadlan and the Land of Darkness: On his homeward trek Abu Hamid passed through Merv, Nishapur and Rayy, cities that would soon be erased from history as the tribes of Gog and Magog finally breached the Alexander Wall, in the very earthly form of the Mongol hordes.


Sometimes, the king has them hung from a tree by their necks. If they wanted to change their mind, they would og be allowed to.

Ibn Fadlan and the Land of Darkness: Arab Travellers in the Far North

When ships came kbn that island, they hunted as many as they wished. Pearson Custom Edition, The king heard of this and summoned me to appear before him with my companions. The people of the region go to a place they know where such trees are, make a cut and with the help ibb a container collect the sap which is sweeter than honey.

If not, he picks up his own merchandise and leaves the other things, without ever transgressing or cheating. I can’t help but notice that this myth seems to have inspired George R. The Khwarazmians were great merchants and travellers; Ibn Hawqal says they journeyed as lad as the lands of Gog and Magog – that is, well into subarctic regions – in their search for fine furs.

When he has 20, he has two torques made and so on. They continued to row like this, while the water carried them and they spun around, until we had crossed. tye

Ibn Fadlan and the Land of Darkness: Arab Travellers in the Far North – Ibn Fadlan – Google Books

The Ghuzz were still Shamanist when encountered by Ibn Fadlan, but by the end of the tenth century they had become Muslims. After we had given him these things, he prostrated himself before us, for that is their custom. Abu Darknsss left in for unknown reasons, anx found him in the town of Abhar in Iran. When summer comes, they eat grass and grow thin. I had previously assumed that Vikings and Arabs never ranged anywhere near each other, but in truth both of their trading routes extended throughout Europe at this time.