Ley Forestal y de Fauna Silvestre Law () was published in July and replaces this former Forestry and Wildlife Law (). Peru, Ley , Ley Forestal y de la Fauna Silvestre (), arts. 6(c) and 32; Decreto supremo no. AG, Reglamento de la Ley Forestal y de la. Ley No. , Ley de Áreas Protegidas, El Peruano, 4 July Ley No. , Ley General de Expropiaciones, El Peruano, 20 May Ley No.
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Ministerio de Agricultura, Grounds for revoking harvesting rights. Can forest conservation and logging be reconciled? Submission of false or incomplete information. The Peruvian Amazon is an important arena in global efforts to promote sustainable logging in the tropics. Timber extraction exceeding authorized volumes. PLoS One 6e In particular, illegal logging is widespread throughout the tropics, and corruption is a commonly cited cause 345678.
Violation Percent Illegal extraction of cedar We focus on the technical aspects driving the overall illegal logging crisis and do not address the important associated social issues.
To investigate the root of the problem, we used OSINFOR data to 1 document how many of the logging concessions have been cancelled for severe violations, and 2 examine, with a focus on the Department of Loreto in the northern Peruvian Amazon, whether the nature of the violations indicate that the legal logging concessions are enabling the illegal logging.
Support for research was provided by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. Published online Apr Once timber in transit has a GTF, it is very difficult for authorities to identify the original source of the timber. Sears and Pinedo-Vasquez 16 found regular inconsistencies between the location of the authorized logging areas and the actual origin of the raw logs through interviews with loggers arriving to a port in southern Loreto.
Although the general failings of the Peruvian logging system have been known for years, we present an up to date, comprehensive analysis to identify the geographic scale and legal violations related to the problem. Under the current system, the two main ways to identify illegal logging—discovery of timber in transit without GTFs or post-harvest OSINFOR inspection—come far too late to be effective Notably, they cited the submission of false or incomplete information in In nearly all of these cases Ecohealth 4— Specifically, logging permits based on falsified annual plans are widely used to harvest trees in unauthorized areas.
However, comprehensive and quantitative analyses of precisely how existing legal frameworks facilitate this illegal logging are rare. Should a POA contain one of these species, a forest authority must physically inspect the concession to verify its presence prior to cutting to ensure that the eventually logged trees are indeed from the concession in question.
Land-use allocation protects the Peruvian Amazon. It is worth noting that although the illegal extraction of mahogany does not seem to be a major problem in Loreto OSINFOR cited the illegal extraction of mahogany in just 5. Analyzing official government data, we found that Failure to implement management plans. Ley Forestal y de Fauna Silvestre. Furthermore, our results indicate that the pre-harvest regulatory framework, particularly in regards to CITES-listed cedar species, is also clearly not working.
In some cases, inspectors even found harvestable trees still standing at the coordinates indicated in the POA. The majority of logging concessions are enabling illegal logging outside the approved concession area. A GTF includes information regarding the species, volume, and place of origin of the transported material. Many of the violations pertain to the illegal extraction of CITES-listed timber species outside authorized areas.
Forests and Wildlife Law (Peru) | The REDD Desk
Sustainable logging in the tropics is a commonly cited goal at the international level, but has been difficult to achieve on the ground in all three major 277308 forest regions 12. Acquisition, transformation, or marketing of illegally extracted timber.
The Peruvian Amazon is an important arena in efforts to promote sustainable commercial logging due to its large forested area, high biodiversity, sizable concentrations of desired hardwoods such as mahogany and cedarand widespread problems with illegal logging 910 Permits and authorizations are typically for smaller forest units on private and indigenous lands.
These data included information for logging concessions in the Peruvian Amazon. Support Center Support Center. Moreover, this illegal timber extraction takes place using the very regulatory documents designed to ensure sustainable logging.
Lam Tac forest hijackers in practice and talk. In summary, we find that the following scenario is common: Cutting seed or regeneration trees.
Based on the information ely the approved POA, a concessionaire may remove timber from a concession. At the heart of the problem is that authorities only check the regulatory documents in transport or at port arrival, well after the timber has left the forest.
Forests and Wildlife Law 27308 (Peru)
Finally, we note that a new Forestry law was passed in July 30but as of the time of writing it had not yet gone into effect due to delays in the adoption of the 273088 regulations draft regulations were released in September In contrast, concessions We grouped the logging concessions into four categories based on whether or not they have been supervised and the results of those supervisions Figure 1Table 1.
The POA includes detailed information for each individual tree to be extracted in that year’s particular parcel, including species, estimated harvest volume of sawn leyy, and GPS coordinates This means that in practice the transport permits GTFs are not linked to the concession area in question. Grounds for cancellation of a concession. Thus, we argue that the problem is a combination of a lack of oversight and enforcement prior to OSINFOR inspections, and fundamental shortcomings of existing law.
Volume non-cedar documented in Balance of Extraction not from concession unit.