Defeating Patriarchal Politics: The Snake Woman as Goddess: A Study of the Manasa Mangal Kavya of Bengal Saumitra Chakravarty. However Mangal Kavya is a kind of religious and didactic composition there is much popularity of Manasamangal, the poetry describing the. I was inspired to write this story after having read the poem titled Manasa Mangal by Bijoya Ghosh in this Mangalkavya, the glory of Devi Manasa has.

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Instead she courageously embarks on a six -month odyssey with his body, floating alone and unprotected on a raft made of the banana plant to appease the gods and revive her husband Lakhinder see Figure 2.

Inthe Bangla Academy enforced new regulations for Bengali spelling which is similar to the regulation of the University of Calcutta. Inruling power of the Nawabs were abolished and East India company took control of the city. However, as both the children were already devotees of Manasa and were so well matched that the marriage went through. The discovery and archaeological study of Chandraketugarh,35 kilometres north of Kolkata, Kolkatas recorded history began in with the arrival of the English East India Company, which was consolidating its trade business in Bengal.

Manasa was a non-Aryan deity and her worship was an ancient one in Bengal. The mwnasa Shiva is used as an adjective in the Rig Veda, as an epithet for several Rigvedic deities, the term Shiva also connotes liberation, final emancipation and the auspicious one, this manawa sense of usage is addressed to many deities in Vedic layers of literature.

Manasamangal Kāvya – Wikipedia

I could have made two more paragraphs on them but the blog would have be lengthy so I was constrained myself. Manasamangal is basically the tale of oppressed humanity.

Its major trading partners are the European Union, the United States, China, India, Japan, Malaysia, with its strategically vital location between Southern, Eastern and Southeast Asia, Bangladesh is an important promoter of regional connectivity and cooperation 6. Catravan Bpl, Thanks for reco. Similarly, it can be a variation of Kalikshetra, alternatively, the name may have been derived from the Bengali term manasaa, or flat area.


In Manasamangal, the human protagonist Chand, who is a leading merchant and devout worshipper of Lord Shiva one of the trinity of Hindu religionat last actually is tamed to worship the goddess Manasa.

Manasa Mangal kabya মনসা মঙ্গল কাব্য

Manasa with Astika on her lap, 10th century Pala bronze from modern-day Bihar. She is sheltered by the canopy of the hoods of seven cobras, sometimes, she is depicted with a child on her lap. A son was born to him.

In the second half of the paper, I will provide a gendered analysis of the text of the Manasa Mangal. In benevolent aspects, he is depicted as an omniscient Yogi who lives a life on Mount Kailash as well as a householder with wife Parvati. Together, these five works form a set of biographies on which modern biographies of Tulsidas are based.

However, traditionally the important Mangal kavya are divided into mainly three folds: In this guise Manasa is an object both of fear and scorn in the divine assembly. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. So the village is named Baidyapur. Bengali literaturethe body of writings in the Bengali language of the Indian subcontinent. The name of Bengal is derived from the ancient kingdom of Banga, theories on the origin of the term Banga point to the Proto-Dravidian Bong tribe that settled in the area circa BCE and the Austric word Bong.

It was the custom that anyone who died of snake-bite was not cremated in the usual way but was allowed to float on a raft down the river, with the hope that the person could miraculously come back to life.

The conflict between human beings and the goddess brings out the social discriminations of society, as well as the conflict between Aryans and non-Aryans.

In Shaivism tradition, Shiva is the Supreme being who creates, protects, in the goddess tradition of Hinduism called Shaktism, the goddess is described as supreme, yet Shiva is revered along with Vishnu and Brahma.

As he tells his wife Saneka, who is committed to snake worship like most rural women in the riparian state of Bengal, Angaheen devatar puja aache mana [6] Our religion forbids the worship of non-iconic gods Manasa’s birth in a lotus grove incidentally the lotus also represents something which arises from a bed of slimethrough Shiva’s sperm falling on a lotus leaf, circumvents the female womb, yet does not crystallise the female Shakti Goddess power as represented for instance by Chandi in her many forms of demon-destroyer as celebrated in traditional Hindu goddess mythology.


She remains an outcaste who single-handedly wages war against the bastions of patriarchy in all its human and divine forms. There are at least eight different versions of the Shiva Sahasranama, the version appearing in Book 13 of the Mahabharata provides one such list. Behula with dead Lakhinder on her odyssey. Bhakti in Indian religions is not a ritualistic devotion to a god or to religion and it involves, among other things, refining ones state of mind, knowing god, participating in god, and internalizing god.

Bengal — Bengal is a geopolitical, cultural and historical region in Asia, which is located in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent at the apex of the Bay of Bengal. The office of the Secretary of the Akademi is held by Sanat Kumar Chattopadhyay since its inception, now the Akademi works under various sub-committees and editorial boards concerning different affairs.

Thanks to Bijoya Ghosh for inspiring me to write this story. Shiva is also known as Adiyogi Shiva, regarded as the god of yoga, meditation. The wall carvings on the 17th-century Atia Mosque built during the Mughal Empire.

The poems are sometimes associated with a pan-Indian kavay, such as Shivabut more often with a local Bengali deity—e. This goddess-based tradition is therefore typically a folk one, displaying the last vestiges of pre-Aryan rituals, and even today practised among rural Bengali women. It is believed she came to Bengal with the Dravidians who worshipped her in the hope that she would protect them against snakes. I, in BengaliKolkata: Say No to Terrorism; We are for democracy May 23,